Software quality assurance combines and manages the software development processes from defining requirements to releasing the software. It focuses on ensuring software quality. Developers can align the product or services with the software requirement specification. However, SQA needs to follow some international standards to get the best result. What are the software quality assurance standards?
Software Quality Assurance Standards
Quality software means it performs the best. It is excellent and fulfills all the purposes. SQA is well recognized and a scientific process; it follows exceptional standards.
Capability Maturity Model Integrated
Capability Maturity Model Integrated or CMMI standard is a popular software development contract in the US government. According to a survey, approximately 70% of the CMMI adopters were associated with the US military and government in 2009. The precedent of CMMI, CMM, was first introduced in 1991 by the SEI team. The same squad introduced CMMI in 2000. Users can measure quality in five levels:
· Initial or process not followed.
· Repeatable or less followed processes.
· Well define and document processes for improvement.
· Use metrics to measure and control.
· Optimize the process improvement.
ISO 9000 was first introduced by the International Standard Organization (ISO) in 1987. Its latest version, ISO 9001, is also popular. This standard focuses on meeting customers’ needs. It follows some principles, including:
· Focus on customer satisfaction.
· Process improvement.
· Take a decision.
· Improve relationships.
Testing Maturity Model
Testing Maturity Model (TMM), also known as Testing Maturity Model integration (TMMi), complements CMMI. TMMi foundation introduced it in 2005. This standard focuses on five levels of maturity.
· Beginning of the process.
· Management includes test planning, policy, environment, design, control, etc.
· Define the test lifecycle, organization, integration, non-functional testing, review, etc.
· Product or service quality measurement
· Optimize the process, including removing errors, quality control, process, etc.
The software development team, including software developers, testers, and project managers, are responsible for software quality assurance. Organizations need SQA to meet customers’ expectations and succeed.